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Betta is a large genus of small, often colorful, freshwater ray-finned fishes in the gourami family (Osphronemidae). The type species is B. picta, the spotted betta. By far the best known Betta species, however, is B. splendens, the Siamese fighting fish.
All the Betta species are small fishes, but they vary considerably in size, ranging from under 1 inch total length in B. chanoides to 5 inchesin the Akar betta (B. akarensis). Bettas are anabantoids, which means they can breathe atmospheric air thanks to a unique organ called the labyrinth. This accounts for their ability to thrive in low-oxygen water conditions that would kill most other fish, such as rice paddies, slow-moving streams, drainage ditches, and large puddles.
The various bettas can be divided into two groups, based on their spawning behaviour: some build bubble nests, like B. splendens, while others are mouthbrooders, like B. picta. The mouthbrooding species are sometimes called "pseudo bettas", and are sometimes speculated to have evolved from the nest-builders in an adaptation to their fast-moving stream habitats.
Betta fish are not big eaters but should be fed a small amount once a day to once every other day. They can be fed floating flake food, freeze dried blood worms, live black worms, or frozen brine shrimp.
Betta pellets are small, round edible pellets that are food for most betta species. Betta pellets are made out of crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, crude ash, moisture, phosphorus, certain vitamins, and other ingredients.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
TANGANYIKA CICHLIDS SOLD ON THIS SITE ARE GENERALLY 1 TO 2 INCHES. ALL OF THESE FISH ARE SOLD AS UNSEXED JUVENILES. DIFFERENT SIZES WILL BE DESIGNATED IN THE SIZE CHART BELOW. GENDER CHOICE WILL BE AVAILABLE ON SELECTED MEDIUM AND LARGE FISH ONLY.
Small: 1 inch fry (should be kept in a separate tank to grow) some shellies mayl be less than an inch
Regular: 1.00 -1.75 inches
Medium: 2.00 - 2.5 inches
Large: 3-4 inches
If you are stocking a new tank or a tank with cichlids under 2.5 inches you should be safe with small , and regular sizes. If you are stocking a tank that has existing cichlids that are over 3 inches you should only choose regular, or medium sizes.
Most cichlids sold in pet stores are 2 -2.5 inches in size. Our fish are sold smaller because of the demand for these fish and because they ship better at smaller sizes. Our customers have accepted this due to the rarity of the fish offered on our website compared to many of the retail stores. These fish grow so fast, the initial size is less relevant to the quality of genetics and rarity of species. Our regular sized fish will measure between the width of a quarter and the width of a $.50 cent piece. The dynamics of the size is manifested when you know that a 2 inch fish will appear to be 3-4 times the mass of a 1.25 inch fish, since it is not just longer but deeper and thicker and the color is often more robust.
It is important to understand that we sell high quality Tanganyika cichlids mostly from Wild collected breeding stock. These fish are often small because of the high demand for their species. Please remember small fish will grow fast but fish of line bred or hybrids will never be great fish no matter how much the grow. We sell genetics over size here a Bluegrass Aquatics but do promise to send you the largest fish available for the size category you ordered.